Schedule for Second Week

Cultural Artifacts

Publication and Reception

Monday, 11 July


Focus Text: Hard Times


Discussion Topics

  • Critical reception of Hard Times

  • Critical legacy of Hard Times

  • Dickens in the cannon and the classroom

  • Hard Times, form, and serial publication

  • Social unrest and social consciousness


Historical and Contextual Readings

  • Dickens, “A Preliminary Word.” Household Words 1.1 (30 March 1850): 1.

  • Selected Contemporary Reviews of Hard Times. In Norton, 2000.

  • F.R. Leavis, from The Great Tradition. New York: Stewart, 1948. 19-20.

  • Charles Dickens, “On Strike.” Household Worlds. In Hard Times. Norton, 2000.


Scholarly Readings

  • Clausson, Nils. “Dickens’s Genera Mixta: What Kind of a Novel is Hard Times?” Texas Studies in Literature and Language 52.2 (2010): 157-180.

  • Harrison, John R. “Dickens’s Literary Architecture: Patterns of Ideas and Imagery in Hard Times.” Papers on Language and Literature 36.2 (2000): 115-138.


Cultural Studies and Historical Approaches

Tuesday, 12 July


Focus Text: Hard Times


Discussion Topics

  • The Victorian periodical

  • What counts as evidence in literary analysis

  • Texts and contexts


Periodicals Research--Presentations

  • Discussion of research discoveries

  • Archival research in the classroom: ideas and challenges

  • Periodicals, images, and other forms of extra-textual evidence


Scholarly Readings

  • Flint, Kate. “The Visible and the Unseen.” The Victorians and the Visual Imagination. Cambridge U P, 2000. 1-39.


Parallel Texts

Wednesday, 13 July

9:30-12:30 (Seminar)

2:30-4:30 (Workshop)

Focus Text: Hard Times


Discussion Topics

  • Industrialization and culture

  • Literature and/as social protest

  • Representing labor and the laboring classes

  • Panopticism, surveillance, and social discipline


Primary Texts

  • Selections from Elizabeth Gaskell, Mary Barton and North and South (+ film clip).

  • Selection from Harriet Martineau, Illustrations of Political Economy.

  • Elizabeth Barrett Browning, “The Cry of the Children.”

  • Ruskin, John. From Unto This Last (“The Roots of Honour,” “The Veins of Wealth” and “Ad Valorem.” (1860).


Scholarly Readings

  • Spector, Stephen J. “Monsters of Metonymy: Hard Times and Knowing the Working Class.” ELH 51.2 (1984): 365-384.

  • Malone, Cynthia Northcutt. “The Fixed Eye and the Rolling Eye: Surveillance and Discipline in Hard Times.” Studies in the Novel 21.1 (1989): 14-26.

  • Fielding, K. J., and Anne Smith. “Hard Times and the Factory Controversy: Dickens vs. Harriet Martineau.” Nineteenth-Century Fiction 24.4 (1970): 404-427.


Afternoon Pedagogy Workshop 2 (Optional): "Help Me Fix This"

Workshop meets 2:30-4:30

Bring along your less successful assignment or activity and let your colleagues help you diagnose and fix the problems. If you want to participate in the workshop, upload your assignment or activity to the "Help Me Fix This" folder on Google Drive by Sunday night (to give everyone a chance to look at and think about the assignment ahead of time. At the workshop,be ready to present the assignment, provide a context for it, and explain the issues you need help with (it would be helpful if you could include this information in a brief headnote to the assignment when you upload it to the shared Google Drive folder). 


Adaptations and Legacies

Thursday, 14 July


Focus Text: Hard Times


Discussion Topics

  • Adaptations and dramatizations

  • Intertextuality and comparative textual studies


Primary Texts

  • Hard Times (1915 silent film—view on YouTube).

  • W.H.C. Nation, Under the Earth; or, the Sons of Toil (1867 play).

  • Tobin Atkinson, Hard Times (1996).


Scholarly Readings

  • Proud, Elizabeth. “Radio Drama: Hard Times.” Dickens Quarterly (March 1985): 33.

  • Elliot, Kamilla. “Film Language.” Rethinking the Novel/Film Debate. Cambridge UP, 2003. 77-112.

  • Cardwell, Sarah. “What is (an) adaptation?” Adaptation Revisited. Manchester U P, 2002. 9-30.

  • Buchanan, Judith. “Literary Adaptation in the Silent Era.” A Companion to Literature, Film, and Adaptation. Ed. Deborah Cartmell. Blackwell, 2012. 17-32.

  • Bryant, John. “Introduction.” The Fluid Text. U of Michigan P, 2002. 1-20.

A Tale of Two Cities: Sources and Backgrounds

Friday, 15 July


Focus Text: A Tale of Two Cities


Discussion Topics

  • Adaptations

  • Influences and sources: A Tale of Two Cities

  • Self-sacrifice and the communal good


Primary Texts

  • Watts Phillips, The Dead Heart.

  • Wilkie Collins and Charles Dickens, The Frozen Deep.


Scholarly Readings

  • Carr, Jean Ferguson. “Dickens’s Theatre of Knowledge.” Dramatic Dickens. Ed. Carol MacKay. New York: St. Martin’s. 1989. 27-44.

  • Nayder, Lillian. “The Cannibal, the Nurse, and the Cook in The Frozen Deep.” A Library of Essays on Charles Dickens: Dickens, Sexuality and Gender. Ed. Lillian Nayder. Farnham: Ashgate, 2012. 75-98.

  • Baker, Keith Michael. “A Genealogy of Dr. Manette.” Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities, and the French Revolution. Ed. Colin Jones, Josephine McDonagh, and Jon Mee. Palgrave, 2009. 64-74.